Zimbabwe 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For Zimbabwe

Author: International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498305113
Size: 50.93 MB
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This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that economic rebound in Zimbabwe experienced since the end of hyperinflation in 2009 has now ended. After averaging 10 percent over 2009–2012, growth fell to an estimated 3.3 percent in 2013, reflecting tight liquidity conditions, election-year uncertainty, weak demand for key exports, competitiveness pressures, and the impact of adverse weather conditions. Inflation continued its downward trend from 2.9 percent (year over year) at end-2012 to ?0.3 percent in April 2014. The medium-term outlook, under the baseline scenario, is for growth to average some 4 percent, as large mining sector investments reach full capacity.

Breaking The Oil Spell

Author: Reda Cherif
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1484317785
Size: 68.92 MB
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The “Gulf Falcons”—the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council—have high living standards as a result of large income flows from oil. The decline of oil prices between summer 2014 and fall 2015 underscores the urgency for the Gulf Falcons to diversify away from their current heavy reliance on oil exports. This book discusses attempts at diversification in the Middle East and North Africa and the complex choices policymakers face. It brings together the views of academics and policymakers to offer practical advice for future efforts to increase productivity growth.

Medical Eligibility Criteria For Contraceptive Use

Author:
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241563885
Size: 24.24 MB
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Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use reviews the medical eligibility criteria for use of contraception, offering guidance on the safety and use of different methods for women and men with specific characteristics or known medical conditions. The recommendations are based on systematic reviews of available clinical and epidemiological research. It is a companion guideline to Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use. Together, these documents are intended to be used by policy-makers, program managers, and the scientific community to support national programs in the preparation of service delivery guidelines. The fourth edition of this useful resource supersedes previous editions, and has been fully updated and expanded. It includes over 86 new recommendations and 165 updates to recommendations in the previous edition. Guidance for populations with special needs is now provided, and a new annex details evidence on drug interactions from concomitant use of antiretroviral therapies and hormonal contraceptives. To assist users familiar with the third edition, new and updated recommendations are highlighted. Everyone involved in providing family planning services and contraception should have the fourth edition of Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use at hand.

A Manual For Country Economists

Author: Marcello Caiola
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN:
Size: 66.26 MB
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This guide is addressed mainly to new staff members in the area and functional departments of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). It covers certain problems that are frequently encountered in the course of a desk economist's work, especially in regard to data interpretation and deficiencies.

From Poverty To Power

Author: Duncan Green
Publisher: Oxfam
ISBN: 0855985933
Size: 65.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Offers a look at the causes and effects of poverty and inequality, as well as the possible solutions. This title features research, human stories, statistics, and compelling arguments. It discusses about the world we live in and how we can make it a better place.

Financial Integration In Latin America

Author: Mr.Charles Enoch
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475577141
Size: 20.19 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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With growth slowing across much of the Latin America as a result of the end of the commodity supercycle and economic rebalancing in China, as well as fragmentation of the international banking system, policies to stimulate growth are needed. This book examines the financial landscapes of seven Latin American economies—Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Peru, and Uruguay—and makes a case for them to pursue regional financial integration. Chapters set out the benefits to the region of financial integration, the barriers to cross-border activity in banks, insurance companies, pension funds, and capital markets, as well as recommendations to address these barriers. Finally, the volume makes the case that regional integration now could be a step toward global integration in the short term.

Health In Prisons

Author: Lars Møller
Publisher: WHO Regional Office Europe
ISBN: 9289072806
Size: 75.93 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Based on the experience of many countries in the WHO European Region and the advice of experts, this guide outlines some of the steps prison systems should take to reduce the public health risks from compulsory detention in often unhealthy situations, to care for prisoners in need and to promote the health of prisoners and prison staff. This requires that everyone working in prisons understand how imprisonment affects health, what prisoners’ health needs are, and how evidence-based health services can be provided for everyone needing treatment, care and prevention in prison. Other essential elements are being aware of and accepting internationally recommended standards for prison health; providing professional care with the same adherence to professional ethics as in other health services; and, while seeing individual needs as the central feature of the care provided, promoting a whole-prison approach to care and promoting the health and well-being of people in custody.

Exchange Rate Assessments

Author: Jaewoo Lee
Publisher: IMF's Occasional Paper
ISBN:
Size: 79.45 MB
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As part of this mandate, since the mid-1990s the IMF Consultative Group on Exchange Rate Issues (CGER) has provided exchange rate assessments for a number of advanced economies from a multilateral perspective, with the aim of informing the country-specific analysis of the IMF's Article IV staff reports and fostering multilateral consistency. These assessments are additional tools at the disposal of the IMF staff country desks, which are responsible for formulating exchange rate assessments as part of the Fund's bilateral surveillance, another of the IMF's core responsibilities.

Tanzania

Author: Roger Nord
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 14.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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In 1985, Tanzania was in severe economic distress, plagued by widespread shortages and high inflation. Twenty years later, inflation has declined to single digits, economic growth has averaged 7 percent per year since 2000, and real per capita income has risen by 50 percent. This report documents this turnaround, the economic policies that contributed to it, and the road ahead because, while much has been achieved, much remains to be done.