Ukraine 2013 Article Iv Consultation And First Post Program Monitoring Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For Ukraine

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498393381
Size: 26.27 MB
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This paper discusses Ukraine’s 2013 Article IV Consultation and First Post-Program Monitoring. The Ukrainian economy has been in recession since mid-2012, and the outlook remains challenging. In January–September 2013, GDP contracted by 1¼ percent year-over-year, reflecting lower demand for Ukrainian exports and falling investments. Consumer prices stayed flat, held down by decreasing food prices and tight monetary policy. The fiscal stance loosened in 2012–2013, contributing to the buildup of vulnerabilities. Ukraine remains current on all its payments to the IMF, and the authorities have reaffirmed their commitment to repay all outstanding IMF credit.

Saudi Arabia

Author: International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475544340
Size: 50.70 MB
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Saudi Arabia has begun a fundamental policy shift to respond to low oil prices. The government has introduced a series of reforms over the past year and has recently set out plans for a bold and ambitious transformation of the Saudi Arabian economy in Vision 2030 and the National Transformation Program. Diversifying the economy, creating jobs for nationals in the private sector, and implementing a gradual, but sizable and sustained fiscal consolidation are key policy priorities.

Adherence To Long Term Therapies

Author: Eduardo Sabaté
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9789241545990
Size: 53.50 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Medicines can only be effective if patients follow the prescribed course of treatment, yet in developed countries only half of patients with chronic diseases adhere to treatment recommendations. Combined with other factors such as limited access to health care and medicines, this issue has serious consequences for health outcomes and economics. This report reviews the published literature on definitions, measurements, epidemiology, economics and interventions relating to the following nine chronic conditions and risk factors: asthma, palliative cancer care; depression, diabetes, epilepsy, HIV/AIDS, hypertension, smoking and tuberculosis. It also discusses policy developments and options available for improving adherence to long-term therapies.

A Year Of Sanctions Against Russia Now What

Author: Simond de Galbert
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442258934
Size: 78.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This report studies the impact of Western sanctions imposed on Russia since 2014 over the crisis in Ukraine. Providing a European point of view, the report also makes recommendations as to how sanctions could be used effectively and efficiently to produce a diplomatic settlement of the crisis.

From Poverty To Power

Author: Duncan Green
Publisher: Oxfam
ISBN: 0855985933
Size: 77.77 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Offers a look at the causes and effects of poverty and inequality, as well as the possible solutions. This title features research, human stories, statistics, and compelling arguments. It discusses about the world we live in and how we can make it a better place.

Health In Prisons

Author: Lars Møller
Publisher: WHO Regional Office Europe
ISBN: 9289072806
Size: 49.35 MB
Format: PDF
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Based on the experience of many countries in the WHO European Region and the advice of experts, this guide outlines some of the steps prison systems should take to reduce the public health risks from compulsory detention in often unhealthy situations, to care for prisoners in need and to promote the health of prisoners and prison staff. This requires that everyone working in prisons understand how imprisonment affects health, what prisoners’ health needs are, and how evidence-based health services can be provided for everyone needing treatment, care and prevention in prison. Other essential elements are being aware of and accepting internationally recommended standards for prison health; providing professional care with the same adherence to professional ethics as in other health services; and, while seeing individual needs as the central feature of the care provided, promoting a whole-prison approach to care and promoting the health and well-being of people in custody.

Why Elections Fail

Author: Pippa Norris
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110705284X
Size: 51.95 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Too often, elections around the globe are, unfortunately, deeply flawed or even fail. What triggers these problems? In this second volume of her trilogy on electoral integrity, Pippa Norris compares structural, international, and institutional accounts as alternative perspectives to explain why elections fail to meet international standards. The book argues that rules preventing political actors from manipulating electoral governance are needed to secure integrity, although at the same time officials also need sufficient resources and capacities to manage elections effectively. Drawing on new evidence, the study determines the most effective types of strategies for strengthening the quality of electoral governance around the world. With a global perspective, this book provides fresh insights into these major issues at the heart of the study of elections and voting behavior, comparative politics, democracy and democratization, political culture, democratic governance, public policymaking, development, international relations and conflict studies, and processes of regime change.