Tradition Und Innovation In Der Offiziellen Sprache Des Mittleres Reiches

Author: Roberto A. Diaz Hernandez
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz
ISBN: 9783447069588
Size: 38.34 MB
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English summary: The official language of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt (11th- 12th dynasty) was the classical language of Egyptian antiquity. It was used in public, and especially in religious texts, until well into the Roman period. In this study, Roberto A. Diaz Hernandez compares historic-biographical documents with literary texts from the First Intermediate Period to the Twelfth Dynasty. Hernandez illustrates the differences and similarities between the two variants of the language by means of 143 examples taken from both types of hieroglyphic text along with transcriptions and a German translation. German description: Die offizielle Sprache des Mittleren Reichs (11.-12. Dynastie) war die klassische Sprache der agyptischen Antike und wurde bis in die romische Zeit hinein fur offentliche und vor allem religiose Texte verwendet. Roberto A. Diaz Hernandez vergleicht in seiner Studie historisch-biographische mit literarischen Texten aus der 1. Zwischenzeit bis zur 12. Dynastie. Die Unterschiede und Gemeinsamkeiten der beiden Sprachvarianten werden anhand von 143 Beispielen aus beiden Textgruppen in hieroglyphischer Schrift, Transkription und deutscher Ubersetzung dargestellt. Aus dem Vergleich ergibt sich, dass sowohl die historisch-biographischen als auch die literarischen Texte des Mittleren Reichs in derselben Mischsprache geschrieben sind, die sich aus typischen Konstruktionen der offiziellen Sprache des Alten Reichs und aus Elementen altagyptischer Dialekte, insbesondere aus Bestandteilen des thebanischen Dialekts, zusammensetzt. Trotzdem lassen sich in den Textgruppen zwei unterschiedliche "Reden" beobachten: Zum einen eine traditionelle Rede in den historisch-biographischen Texten, die durch den vorwiegenden Gebrauch von altertumlichen Sprachformen gekennzeichnet ist, zum anderen eine kunstlerische Rede in den literarischen Texten, die sich durch eine Abneigung gegen die Sprachkonventionen des Alten Reichs und eine Vorliebe fur neue Sprachformen charakterisiert.

Coping With Obscurity

Author: James P. Allen
Publisher: ISD LLC
ISBN: 1937040437
Size: 28.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Coping with Obscurity publishes the papers discussed at the Brown University Workshop on Earlier Egyptian grammar in March, 2013. The workshop united ten scholars of differing viewpoints dealing with the central question of how to judge and interpret the grammatical value of the written evidence preserved in texts of the Old and Middle Kingdoms (ca. 2350-1650 BC). The nine papers in the volume present orthographic, lexical, morphological, and syntactic approaches to the data and represent a significant step toward a new, pluralistic understanding of Earlier Egyptian grammar.

The Private Feast Lists Of Ancient Egypt

Author: Anthony John Spalinger
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
ISBN: 9783447038737
Size: 32.54 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume covers the numerous small lists of feasts that occur mainly on stelae and in tombs. A chronological study is presented wherein the major phases of Pharaonic Egypt (Old Kingdom to the Ptolemaic Period) are covered. Questions of dating these inscriptions as well as reasons concerning alterations in the lists form a major part of the discussion. In particular, differences in arrangement of these private celebrations both within a specific time period as well as between eras provide causes for the alterations of religious patterns of a non-royal sort. Calendrical ideas are likewise surveyed although for the most part the aim of this study remains focused upon the religious events themselves.Material of an ancillary nature (including some data from royal inscriptions) will be found only when they provide light upon the private religious practices.

Greece And Mesopotamia

Author: Johannes Haubold
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107067251
Size: 31.74 MB
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This book proposes a new approach to the study of ancient Greek and Mesopotamian literature. Ranging from Homer and Gilgamesh to Herodotus and the Babylonian-Greek author Berossos, it paints a picture of two literary cultures that, over the course of time, became profoundly entwined. Along the way, the book addresses many questions of crucial importance to the student of the ancient world: how did the literature of Greece relate to that of its eastern neighbours? What did ancient readers from different cultures think it meant to be human? Who invented the writing of universal history as we know it? How did the Greeks come to divide the world into Greeks and 'barbarians', and what happened when they came to live alongside those 'barbarians' after the conquests of Alexander the Great? In addressing these questions, the book draws on cutting-edge research in comparative literature, postcolonial studies and archive theory.

The Invention Of Tradition

Author: Eric Hobsbawm
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521437738
Size: 26.30 MB
Format: PDF
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This book explores examples of this process of invention and addresses the complex interaction of past and present in a fascinating study of ritual and symbolism.

Graeco Coptica

Author: Andrea Hasznos
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz
ISBN: 9783447067522
Size: 61.76 MB
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Coptic scholarship is still quite far from having an agreement on how and where the Egyptian language was affected by Greek. It is indeed an intriguing question whether outside of loanwords Greek had any influence on Coptic. Andra Haznos' study makes observations on syntax and stylistics in translated and original Coptic literature, sifting out the syntactic patterns showing Greek influence in one or both text groups, showing how certain patterns came to be used in Coptic clearly through translations, and raising the question whether those syntactic influences which came to the Egyptian language through the bilingual situation can be detected with certainty. With these observations the author helps develop the criterium system needed to determine whether a Coptic text was written in Coptic or Greek originally. While examining the final clauses, consecutive clauses, object clauses/infinitive constructions after verbs of exhorting and subject clauses/infinitive constructions from the point of view of syntactic graecism in translations and in original Coptic texts, valuable observations on Coptic dialects (esp. Sahidic, Mesokemic, Lycopolitan) and their relations are also made.

Atlas Of The World S Languages In Danger

Author: Christopher Moseley
Publisher: UNESCO
ISBN: 9231040960
Size: 72.45 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Languages are not only tools of communication, they also reflect a view of the world. Languages are vehicles of value systems and cultural expressions and are an essential component of the living heritage of humanity. Yet, many of them are in danger of disappearing. UNESCO's Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger tries to raise awareness on language endangerment. This third edition has been completely revised and expanded to include new series of maps and new points of view.