Health Labor Market Analyses In Low And Middle Income Countries

Author: Richard M. Scheffler
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464809321
Size: 72.42 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book, produced jointly by the World Bank, the University of California, Berkeley, and the WHO, aims to provide decision-makers at sub-national, national, regional and global levels with additional insights into how to address their workforce challenges rather than describe them. In order to optimize and align HRH investments and develop targeted policy responses, a thorough understanding of unique, country-specific labor market dynamics and determinants of these dynamics is critical. Policies need to take into account the fact that workers are economic actors, responsive to different levels of compensation and opportunities to generate revenue found in different sub-labor markets. Policies need to take into account the behavioral characteristics of the individuals who provide health care, but also the individuals who consume health care services and the institutions that employ health personnel. In other words, it is necessary to understand the determinants of both the supply (numbers of health workers willing to work in the health sector) and the demand for health workers (resources available to hire health workers), how these interact, and how this interaction varies in different contexts. This interaction will determine the availability of health personnel, their distribution as well as their performance levels, thus ensuring stronger health systems capable to deliver universal health coverage. The book is structured to be of use to researchers, planners, and economists who are tasked with analyzing key areas of health labor markets, including overall labor market assessments as well as and more narrow and targeted analyses of demand and supply (including production and migration), performance, and remuneration of health workers. The chapters, written by a number of internationally renowned experts on Human Resources for Health, discuss data sources and empirical tools that can be used to assess health labor markets across high-, middle- or low-income countries, but draws primarily from examples and case-studies in LMICs.

Monitoring International Labor Standards

Author: Committee on Monitoring International Labor Standards
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309091349
Size: 63.96 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This new report provides a framework within which to assess compliance with core international labor standards and succeeds in taking an enormous step toward interpreting all relevant information into one central database. At the request of the Bureau of International Labor Affairs at the U.S. Department of Labor, the National Research Council's Committee on Monitoring International Labor Standards was charged with identifying relevant and useful sources of country-level data, assessing the quality of such data, identifying innovative measures to monitor compliance, exploring the relationship between labor standards and human capital, and making recommendations on reporting procedures to monitor compliance. The result of the committee's work is in two parts-this report and a database structure. Together, they offer a first step toward the goal of providing an empirical foundation to monitor compliance with core labor standards. The report provides a comprehensive review of extant data sources, with emphasis on their relevance to defined labor standards, their utility to decision makers in charge of assessing or monitoring compliance, and the cautions necessary to understand and use the quantitative information.

Doing Research On Sensitive Topics

Author: Raymond M. Lee
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781446226919
Size: 28.23 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book is a comprehensive guide to the methodological, ethical and practical issues involved in undertaking research on sensitive topics. Raymond M Lee explores the reasons why social research may be politically or socially contentious: its relation to issues of social or political power; its capacity to encroach on people's lives; and its potentially problematic nature for the researcher. Issues examined include: the choice of methodologies for sensitive research; problems of estimating the size of hidden populations; questions of sampling, surveying and interviewing; and sensitivity in access and the handling of data. The book also discusses the political and ethical issues at stake in the relations between the researcher and the researched, and in the disclosure, dissemination and publication of research.

Business Research Methods

Author: Alan Bryman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199668647
Size: 77.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A complete introduction to doing business research, Business Research Methods is the ideal guide for students embarking on a research project. Together with real students and supervisors, the authors draw on their own extensive experience to give readers tips for success and provide advice to help them avoid common mistakes. Developed specifically with business and management students in mind, this bestselling textbook explores the nature and purpose of business research and the issues it entails, while also providing students with practical advice on carrying out their research. In addition to a broad range of relevant case studies, the book features a substantial discussion of ethics, a chapter on internet research methods, and a strong emphasis on practical content such as planning a project and writing it up. With a new chapter on the nature of business research that explains why an understanding of research methods is so important to the broader study of business and management, and a new chapter on sampling in qualitative research, Business Research Methods remains the book of choice to help you build a full understanding of the subject.New to this editionA new introductory chapter on the nature of business research explains to students the relevance and importance of studying research methods, while also considering the 'messiness' of business research by giving guidance to students on how to proceed if things do not go to plan.A new chapter on sampling in qualitative research complements the existing chapter on sampling in quantitative research, providing full coverage of this important topic.New material on the use of technology in research, including the use of Skype for interviewing and work blogs as sources of data, keeps the book fully up-to-date with the latest trends in research methods.New coverage of shadowing in organizations, experience and event sampling, thematic analysis, and global and multi-site ethnography.Increased coverage of writing for academic audiences and mixed-methods research.Fully updated to include coverage of SPSS 22.

Rural Wage Employment In Developing Countries

Author: Carlos Oya
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317562909
Size: 62.86 MB
Format: PDF
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There is a striking scarcity of work conducted on rural labour markets in the developing world, particularly in Africa. This book aims to fill this gap by bringing together a group of contributors who boast substantial field experience researching rural wage employment in various developing countries. It provides critical perspectives on mainstream approaches to rural/agrarian development, and analysis of agrarian change and rural transformations from a long-term perspective. This book challenges the notion that rural areas in low- and middle-income countries are dominated by self-employment. It purports that this conventional view is largely due to the application of conceptual frameworks and statistical conventions that are ill-equipped to capture labour market participation. The contributions in this book offer a variety of methodological lessons for the study of rural labour markets, focusing in particular on the use of mixed methods in micro-level field research, and more emphasis on capturing occupation multiplicity. The emphasis on context, history, and specific configurations of power relations affecting rural labour market outcomes are key and reoccurring features of this book. This analysis will help readers think about policy options to improve the quantity and quality of rural wage employment, their impact on the poorest rural people, and their political feasibility in each context.

Measuring The Non Observed Economy A Handbook

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264175350
Size: 56.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This essential Handbook makes underground, hidden, grey economies intelligible and consistently quantifiable. An invaluable tool for statistics producers and users and researchers, the book explains how the non-observed economy can be measured and ...

Research Methods For Education

Author: Peter Newby
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131786543X
Size: 80.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Written with the novice educational researcher in mind, Research Methods in Education is designed to help students produce good quality, valid and valuable research. The text is written in an engaging style and adopts a mixed-methods approach; guidance on analytical procedures that require more advanced tools such as SPSS and Minitab are also provided. The book is packed with exercises, examples and comparative international material from other educational contexts, all of which help to introduce this complex subject in an easy to use format for people that are new to research and are not confident with numerical information. Peter Newby's student-friendly text allows the researcher to confidently address the practical aspects of deciding on a research project, designing a questionnaire or presenting conclusions in the most convincing way. "Of the many research books available this one stands out as it is clear, logically structured, explains sophisticated concepts in an accessible manner without oversimplifying them and has a format which students (at undergraduate and postgraduate) like. In addition the powerpoint slides that accompany the book provide an excellent basis for lectures and can be edited / adopted to personalise them. I anticipate using this book for quite some time on several courses." Dr Pete Allison, Coordinator of Masters Research courses at The Moray House School of Education, The University of Edinburgh

Transport Policy And The Environment

Author: David Banister
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113580978X
Size: 34.15 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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There is currently considerable concern with limiting the growth of transport demand, the use of resources and related pollution. This book makes a major contribution to the debate on transport and the environment and is likely to become a benchmark against which new research will be developed. Transport Policy and the Environment presents for the first time the results of extensive research: *quantifying the contribution of transport to environmental problems. *assessing the options for resolving those problems. *investigating the conflicts arising from policy implementation. *developing new and better methods of data collection and analysis. It brings together the results of a major research programme funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council on Transport and the Environment and provides a clear view on current policy. It is the major contribution that UK research has made to the debate and provides the first set of substantive results on the effectiveness of policy, and the means by which the impact can be measured and assessed.

Nonlinear Models Labour Markets And Exchange

Author: John Creedy
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781782541776
Size: 21.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Nonlinear Models, Labour Markets and Exchange offers a number of broad introductory surveys in the areas of nonlinear modelling, labour economics and the economic analysis of exchange. This collection of articles consists largely of recently published refereed papers. The early chapters provide an introduction to the analysis of 'chaos and strange attractors' and the use of the very flexible generalised exponential family of frequency distributions in analysing both time series and cross-sectional distributions. The volume then provides syntheses of the theories of internal labour markets, trade union bargaining, and population ageing and its implications. It goes on to survey a range of topics in the broad area of the theory of exchange, which is central to the neoclassical economic model. Finally, the book provides some advice for students who are about to start their first piece of research. It ends with a unique survey of the history of economic analysis. Providing introductory material and syntheses of a wide range of topics, Nonlinear Models, Labour Markets and Exchange will be welcomed by economics academics and researchers interested in labour economics and econometrics.