Russian Federation 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Informational Annex Press Release

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498396828
Size: 61.26 MB
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This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that the Russian Federation’s growth slowdown that began in 2011, reflecting structural constraints, continued in 2013 despite accommodative policies. Real GDP growth slowed to 1.3 percent owing to a contraction in investment while consumption remained robust owing to strong real wage growth and an unsecured consumer credit boom. The general government balance moved from a modest surplus in 2012 to a deficit of slightly more than 1 percent of GDP in 2013. The IMF staff projects real GDP growth at 0.2 percent in 2014 with considerable downside risks.

Exchange Rate Assessments

Author: Mr. Jaewoo Lee
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1451932316
Size: 23.70 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The rapid increase in international trade and financial integration over the past decade and the growing importance of emerging markets in world trade and GDP have inspired the IMF to place stronger emphasis on multilateral surveillance, macro-financial linkages, and the implications of globalization. The IMF's Consultative Group on Exchange Rate Issues (CGER)--formed in the mid-1990s to provide exchange rate assessments for a number of advanced economies from a multilateral perspective--has therefore broadened its mandate to cover both key advanced economies and major emerging market economies. This Occasional Paper summarizes the methodologies that underpin the expanded analysis.

Is Fiscal Policy The Answer

Author: Blanca Moreno-Dodson
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821396315
Size: 38.54 MB
Format: PDF
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The effects of fiscal policy measures, both taxes and public spending, adopted by developing countries in response to the 2009 global crisis are still uncertain. This book discusses them using an analytical framework that allows for distilling possible implications on growth and social welfare.

Consular Law And Practice

Author: Luke T. Lee
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198256019
Size: 67.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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First published in 1961, Consular Law and Practice is a classic work of enormous interest and practical use to diplomats, consuls, and international lawyers. The second edition of this work is now thoroughly revised and updated, and covers the historical evolution of the subject, the Vienna Convention, general laws of consular relations, the traditional and changing role of consuls, diplomatic privileges and immunities, and the function of consuls as ambassadors in cultural and scientific exchange.

The Economics Of Banking

Author: Kent Matthews
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780470519646
Size: 68.87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This revised and updated edition of The Economics of Banking addresses the need for a user-friendly textbook that is mathematically accessible and provides a microeconomic context, which enables students to understand and analyse contemporary trends and operations in banking. Providing a sound theoretical basis for understanding bank behaviour, The Economics of Banking is essential for final year undergraduate and postgraduate students taking courses in banking. FEATURES OF THE NEW EDITION * Greater emphasis is provided on risk management with an extended chapter dealing with trading risk and recent developments in bank book risk management. * A new chapter has been added on assessing bank competition and the competitive nature of the banking market. * New material has been added on bank performance including: benchmarking, efficiency analysis and modelling of bank cost functions. * Coverage of bank and financial regulation has been significantly updated with more extensive discussion of Basel 2 and operational risk. * More rigour has been added to the chapter on international banking and more discussion about the future of retail banking is included in the introductory chapter. * New material has been added in selected chapters examining the global credit crunch of 2007/8 and the Northern Rock bank crisis in the UK.

Inclusion Of Exceptional Learners In Canadian Schools

Author: Nancy Lynn Hutchinson
ISBN: 9780132916127
Size: 35.34 MB
Format: PDF
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This title is only available as a loose-leaf version with Pearson eText, or an electronic book. Now in its fourth edition, Inclusion of Exceptional Learners in Canadian Schools is an outstanding introduction to inclusive education in Canada. In keeping with Canada's commitment to inclusive education, this text examines positive ways of including children of all needs and abilities in the regular classroom. Author and educator, Nancy Hutchinson draws on her extensive experience educating students to help shape the skills and strategies future teachers need to create an inclusive classroom by individualizing learning for each student regardless of their exceptionality. The fourth edition is updated to include new information on legislation and provides new strategies for differentiating learning for Aboriginal students; culturally diverse students; English language learners; and students at risk for a variety of reasons, including poverty, abuse, and divorce. It provides teacher candidates with instructional approaches, approaches using universal design for learning, and differentiating assessment using examples from a range of grades, exceptionalities, and teaching subjects.