Republic Of Poland 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For The Republic Of Poland

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498340490
Size: 78.64 MB
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This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that Poland’s economy is steadily recovering from the 2012–2013 slowdown on the back of Poland’s very strong fundamentals and policies. Real GDP growth moderated to 1.6 percent in 2013 as the slowdown in core euro area countries had knock-on effects on consumer and investor confidence. However, a steady recovery is now under way. The outlook is for a continuing recovery, but external risks remain firmly on the downside. Growth is expected to reach 3.3 percent in 2014 but strong trade and financial linkages with core euro area countries make it vulnerable to growth shocks.

Czech Republic 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For The Czech Republic

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498333125
Size: 39.33 MB
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Growth is gaining momentum, led by strong external demand while domestic demand is also picking up. The central bank’s foreign exchange intervention policy has helped stem deflationary pressures but inflation is still well below target. Following substantial fiscal adjustment over the past three years, an easing of the fiscal stance is underway and the new government’s medium-term fiscal plans have not yet been fully elaborated. The financial system is sound and resilient to shocks, and improvements in the regulatory and supervisory architecture are ongoing. The challenge for the authorities is to create the conditions for strong and sustainable growth while maintaining macroeconomic stability.

Republic Of Estonia 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For The Republic Of Estonia

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1484374525
Size: 49.11 MB
Format: PDF
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This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that in 2013, Estonia’s recovery from the crisis continued but at a slower pace. Real GDP growth was 0.8 percent, with private consumption providing the main support, although net exports made a negative contribution. Inflation declined to about 3½ percent, but stayed above the euro average. Public finances remained strong, with a fiscal deficit of 0.2 percent of GDP and a gross public debt of 10 percent of GDP. Real GDP growth is projected at 2.4 percent in 2014, rising toward expected potential growth of 3 to 3.5 percent in the medium term.

Republic Of Croatia 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For The Republic Of Croatia

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1484397185
Size: 23.71 MB
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This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that Croatia remains stuck in an unusually drawn out recession. In 2013, real GDP contracted for the 5th consecutive year, and stands now at less than 90 percent of the end-2008 level. Unemployment has risen to 17 percent. Domestic demand remains depressed as corporations and households focus on reducing excessive debts accumulated in the 2000s. Exports and foreign direct investment are also feeble. The outlook is for an additional contraction in 2014 of almost 1 percent. Real domestic demand would remain feeble, reflecting both weak private sector demand and fiscal consolidation.

Republic Of Slovenia 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For The Republic Of Slovenia

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 148439500X
Size: 23.98 MB
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This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that Slovenia is recovering from a deep crisis. Growth is estimated to have reached about 2.6 percent in 2014, supported by strong exports and EU-funded public investment. The financial sector has stabilized following recapitalization of the major banks by the state. Government bonds yields have declined markedly. Growth is projected at about 1.9 and 1.7 percent in 2015 and 2016, respectively, with potential growth well below precrisis levels. Executive Directors welcomed the fact that Slovenia’s economy is recovering and commended the authorities for their efforts to mend the banking system, facilitate corporate debt restructuring, and consolidate the public finances.

Republic Of Lithuania 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For The Republic Of Lithuania

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1484375750
Size: 72.50 MB
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This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that Lithuania’s economy has entered a broadly favorable trajectory of healthy and balanced growth, but income convergence with Western Europe has a long way to go. With inflation at historical lows and well-advanced repair of public finances damaged by the 2008/09 crisis, meeting the entry criteria seems on track. Financial stability has improved further in 2013, with the capital adequacy ratio exceeding 17 percent and steady progress in reducing nonperforming loans. The main challenge is now resuscitating the sluggish private sector credit growth, which could undermine investment and the recovery if it continued for much longer.

Former Yugoslav Republic Of Macedonia 2014 Article Iv Consultation And Third Post Program Monitoring Discussions Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For The Former Yugoslav Republic Of Macedonia

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498359450
Size: 75.14 MB
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Growth accelerated to 3.1 percent in 2013, driven by a positive net exports contribution. The broad policy direction is supportive of near term macroeconomic stability. The key challenge is to transition from stability into an acceleration of medium term growth. Uncertainty with respect to EU accession remains, and weighs on longer term prospects.

Breaking The Oil Spell

Author: Reda Cherif
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1484317785
Size: 77.82 MB
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The “Gulf Falcons”—the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council—have high living standards as a result of large income flows from oil. The decline of oil prices between summer 2014 and fall 2015 underscores the urgency for the Gulf Falcons to diversify away from their current heavy reliance on oil exports. This book discusses attempts at diversification in the Middle East and North Africa and the complex choices policymakers face. It brings together the views of academics and policymakers to offer practical advice for future efforts to increase productivity growth.

A Manual For Country Economists

Author: Marcello Caiola
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN:
Size: 32.20 MB
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This guide is addressed mainly to new staff members in the area and functional departments of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). It covers certain problems that are frequently encountered in the course of a desk economist's work, especially in regard to data interpretation and deficiencies.

Financial Integration In Latin America

Author: Mr.Charles Enoch
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475577141
Size: 72.22 MB
Format: PDF
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With growth slowing across much of the Latin America as a result of the end of the commodity supercycle and economic rebalancing in China, as well as fragmentation of the international banking system, policies to stimulate growth are needed. This book examines the financial landscapes of seven Latin American economies—Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Peru, and Uruguay—and makes a case for them to pursue regional financial integration. Chapters set out the benefits to the region of financial integration, the barriers to cross-border activity in banks, insurance companies, pension funds, and capital markets, as well as recommendations to address these barriers. Finally, the volume makes the case that regional integration now could be a step toward global integration in the short term.