Prophets Of The Great Spirit

Author: Alfred A. Cave
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 080321555X
Size: 19.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 5662
Download Read Online

Prophets of the Great Spirit offers an in-depth look at the work of a diverse group of Native American visionaries who forged new, syncretic religious movements that provided their peoples with the ideological means to resist white domination. By blending ideas borrowed from Christianity with traditional beliefs, they transformed ?high? gods or a distant and aloof creator into a powerful, activist deity that came to be called the Great Spirit. These revitalization leaders sought to regain the favor of the Great Spirit through reforms within their societies and the inauguration of new ritual practices. Among the prophets included in this study are the Delaware Neolin, the Shawnee Tenkswatawa, the Creek ?Red Stick? prophets, the Seneca Handsome Lake, and the Kickapoo Kenekuk. Covering more than a century, from the early 1700s through the Kickapoo Indian removal of the Jacksonian Era, the prophets of the Great Spirit sometimes preached armed resistance but more often used nonviolent strategies to resist white cultural domination. Some prophets rejected virtually all aspects of Euro-American culture. Others sought to assure the survival of their culture through selective adaptation. Alfred A. Cave explains the conditions giving rise to the millenarian movements in detail and skillfully illuminates the key histories, personalities, and legacies of the movement. Weaving an array of sources into a compelling narrative, he captures the diversity of these prophets and their commitment to the common goal of Native American survival.

American Indian History

Author: Camilla Townsend
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405159073
Size: 73.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 4627
Download Read Online

This Reader from the Uncovering the Past series provides a comprehensive introduction to American Indianhistory. Over 60 primary documents allow the voices of natives toilluminate the American past Includes samples of native languages just above the fulltranslations of particular texts Provides comprehensive introductions and headnotes, as well asimages, an extensive bibliography, and suggestions for furtherresearch Includes such texts as a decoded Maya inscription, letterswritten during the French and Indian War on the distribution ofsmall pox blankets, and a diatribe by General George ArmstrongCuster shortly before he was killed at the Battle of the Little BigHorn

Damned Nation

Author: Kathryn Gin Lum
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199375186
Size: 46.64 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 6428
Download Read Online

Among the pressing concerns of Americans in the first century of nationhood were day-to-day survival, political harmony, exploration of the continent, foreign policy, and--fixed deeply in the collective consciousness--hell and eternal damnation. The fear of fire and brimstone and the worm that never dies exerted a profound and lasting influence on Americans' ideas about themselves, their neighbors, and the rest of the world. Kathryn Gin Lum poses a number of vital questions: Why did the fear of hell survive Enlightenment critiques in America, after largely subsiding in Europe and elsewhere? What were the consequences for early and antebellum Americans of living with the fear of seeing themselves and many people they knew eternally damned? How did they live under the weighty obligation to save as many souls as possible? What about those who rejected this sense of obligation and fear? Gin Lum shows that beneath early Americans' vaunted millennial optimism lurked a pervasive anxiety: that rather than being favored by God, they and their nation might be the object of divine wrath. As time-honored social hierarchies crumbled before revival fire, economic unease, and political chaos, "saved" and "damned" became as crucial distinctions as race, class, and gender. The threat of damnation became an impetus for or deterrent from all kinds of behaviors, from reading novels to owning slaves. Gin Lum tracks the idea of hell from the Revolution to Reconstruction. She considers the ideas of theological leaders like Jonathan Edwards and Charles Finney, as well as those of ordinary women and men. She discusses the views of Native Americans, Americans of European and African descent, residents of Northern insane asylums and Southern plantations, New England's clergy and missionaries overseas, and even proponents of Swedenborgianism and annihilationism. Damned Nation offers a captivating account of an idea that played a transformative role in America's intellectual and cultural history.

One Great Spirit

Author: Tae Swami
Publisher: Morgan James Publishing
ISBN: 1614480362
Size: 26.75 MB
Format: PDF
View: 4773
Download Read Online

Peace cycle. What is the beginning and destiny of man, we take birth and grow old and die, are we prepared to go to heaven, for the last three thousand years no one has gone to heaven, what is living in darkness, war and misery, Angels of darkness, Lords of darkness, gods of darkness. Also there is Kingdom of God in Heaven, Holy angels of light, Lords of light, God of light, and Great Spirit. In the former Peace cycle Moses led millions from Egypt to Israel. America is God’s country. In this peace cycle chosen people will be led separately to live in light, peace and love, all united with Holy angels, God and the Great Spirit, as teachers to guide us, to live perfect, pure, holy, united, with no leaders. Earthly education leads us to unhappiness, evil diseases, insecurity, and all types of problems. Man builds himself to destroy others, by wasting his time and energy, by making war machinery, medical system, laws, jails, polluted food, water and air, and so on. Most of the things we do on earth are a waste; men go round and round in the circles of darkness unable to come out. Men need much higher education to live a perfect life. All types of diseases can be healed with the help of Holy angels; water on the earth can be purified; the air of the earth can be purified. Earthquakes can be stopped; hard winter can be changed into good weather. Holy Angels will teach us all types of spiritual education but men have to prepare themselves with discipline and purity. Holy Angels taught us through chosen men to discover electricity, invent planes, ships and cars for our travel, worldwide telecommunication, schools and colleges but all that is part of the education. In the Father’s Kingdom all types of educations will be given to the chosen men of God.

In The Hands Of The Great Spirit

Author: Jake Page
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0684855771
Size: 40.42 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 6850
Download Read Online

Presents a complete history of the American Indians, drawing on historical documents, archaeological artifacts, and oral legends to profile early societies, clarify misconceptions, and describe recent revivals.

Lethal Encounters

Author: Alfred A. Cave
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313393354
Size: 46.67 MB
Format: PDF
View: 1301
Download Read Online

This in-depth narrative history of the interactions between English settlers and American Indians during the Virginia colony's first century explains why a harmonious coexistence proved impossible. * Draws extensively on primary source materials such as letters, memoirs, legislative proceedings, and court records * Includes John Smith's 1612 map of Virginia, which identifies the location of Indian settlements