Niger Second And Third Reviews Under The Extended Credit Facility Arrangement And Requests For Waivers Of Nonobservance Of Performance Criteria And For Extension Of The Program Period And Arrangement Rephrasing Of Disbursements And Modification Of Performance Criteria Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For Niger

Author: International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498338836
Size: 62.59 MB
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This paper discusses Niger’s Second and Third Reviews Under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) Arrangement and Requests for Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criteria and for Extension of the Program Period and Arrangement. Fiscal performance was broadly in line with program targets. The medium-term outlook appears favorable, with robust growth benefiting from important natural resource sector investments. However, the outlook is vulnerable to high domestic and external risks, including potential spillovers from the security situation in the region and climatic shocks. The IMF staff recommends the completion of the second and third reviews under the ECF.

Niger 2014 Article Iv Consultation And Fourth And Fifth Reviews Under The Extended Credit Facility Arrangement And Request For Waiver Of Nonobservance Of Performance Criteria Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For Niger

Author: International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498310559
Size: 40.89 MB
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This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that Niger’s overall macroeconomic performance has been broadly satisfactory. After the economic slowdown in 2013 owing to the regional security situation and adverse climatic conditions, economic growth has rebounded in 2014. Inflation has been contained, in part owing to the government’s efforts to improve food security and the functioning of food markets. However, program performance has been mixed, as a combination of unexpected security and food expenditures and a shortfall in external financing have strained fiscal management. In the near term, containing the fiscal deficit through measures to improve tax policy and administration, reform customs administration, and reduce exemptions is essential to ensure sustainability.

Liberia Third Review Under The Extended Credit Facility Arrangement And Request For Waiver Of Nonobservance Of Performance Criterion And Modification Of Performance Criteria Staff Report And Press Release

Author: International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498397875
Size: 57.45 MB
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This paper focuses on Liberia’s Third Review Under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion (PC) and Modification of Performance Criteria. Real GDP grew at 8.7 percent in 2013 and is projected to decline to 5.9 percent in 2014 as mining production decelerates. Most end-December 2013 PCs and indicative targets (ITs) were met, except for the PC on government revenue and the IT on external borrowing. Four out of five structural benchmarks were met on time. The IMF staff supports the completion of the third ECF review.

High Value Natural Resources And Post Conflict Peacebuilding

Author: Päivi Lujala
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136536698
Size: 13.52 MB
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For most post-conflict countries, the transition to peace is daunting. In countries with high-value natural resources – including oil, gas, diamonds, other minerals, and timber –the stakes are unusually high and peacebuilding is especially challenging. Resource-rich post-conflict countries face both unique problems and opportunities. They enter peacebuilding with an advantage that distinguishes them from other war-torn societies: access to natural resources that can yield substantial revenues for alleviating poverty, compensating victims, creating jobs, and rebuilding the country and the economy. Evidence shows, however, that this opportunity is often wasted. Resource-rich countries do not have a better record in sustaining peace. In fact, resource-related conflicts are more likely to relapse. Focusing on the relationship between high-value natural resources and peacebuilding in post-conflict settings, this book identifies opportunities and strategies for converting resource revenues to a peaceful future. Its thirty chapters draw on the experiences of forty-one researchers and practitioners – as well as the broader literature – and cover a range of key issues, including resource extraction, revenue sharing and allocation, and institution building. The book provides a concise theoretical and practical framework that policy makers, researchers, practitioners, and students can use to understand and address the complex interplay between the management of high-value resources and peace. High-Value Natural Resources and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding is part of a global initiative led by the Environmental Law Institute (ELI), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the University of Tokyo, and McGill University to identify and analyze lessons in natural resource management and post-conflict peacebuilding. The project has generated six edited books of case studies and analyses, with contributions from practitioners, policy makers, and researchers. Other books in the series address land; water; livelihoods; assessing and restoring natural resources; and governance.

Risks And Reconstruction

Author: Michael M. Cernea
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821344446
Size: 24.25 MB
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This book offers a multidimensional comparative analysis of two large groups of the world's displaced populations : resettlers uprooted by development and refugees fleeing military conflicts or natural calamities. The authors explore common central issues: the condition of being "displaced," the risks of impoverishment and destitu-tion, the rights and entitlements of those uprooted, and, most important, the means of reconstruction of their livelihoods. (Adapté de l'Introduction).

Financial Integration In Latin America

Author: Mr.Charles Enoch
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475577141
Size: 49.78 MB
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With growth slowing across much of the Latin America as a result of the end of the commodity supercycle and economic rebalancing in China, as well as fragmentation of the international banking system, policies to stimulate growth are needed. This book examines the financial landscapes of seven Latin American economies—Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Peru, and Uruguay—and makes a case for them to pursue regional financial integration. Chapters set out the benefits to the region of financial integration, the barriers to cross-border activity in banks, insurance companies, pension funds, and capital markets, as well as recommendations to address these barriers. Finally, the volume makes the case that regional integration now could be a step toward global integration in the short term.

Encyclopedia Of Homelessness

Author: David Levinson
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761927514
Size: 58.57 MB
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A readerʼs guide is provided to assist readers in locating entries on related topics. It classifies entries into 14 general categories: Causes, Cities, Demography and Characteristics, Health issues, History, Housing, Legal issues, Advocacy and policy, Lifestyle issues, Organizations, Perceptions of homelessness, Populations, Research, Service systems and settings, World perspectives and issues.

Privacy And Freedom

Author: Alan Westin
Publisher: Ig Pub
ISBN: 9781935439974
Size: 29.59 MB
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A landmark text on privacy in the information age.