Tuvalu

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Tuvalu is one of the smallest and most isolated countries in the world. With a population of some 11,000 people living on 26 square kilometers, Tuvalu is more than 3,000 kilometers away from its nearest major external market (New Zealand). The country faces tremendous challenges stemming from its remoteness, lack of scale economies, weak institutional capacity, and, above all, climate change and rising sea levels, which threaten the country's very existence.

New Zealand 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release

Author: International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498306942
Size: 74.43 MB
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This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economic expansion in New Zealand is becoming increasingly embedded and broad based, with growth exceeding 3 percent in the second half of 2013. The drivers include supportive financial conditions, record high export commodity prices, resurgent construction activity related to the Canterbury post-earthquake rebuild and general housing shortages, and a substantial increase in net immigration. Growth is expected to increase to about 3½ percent in 2014 and moderate to a trend rate of 2½ percent over the medium term. Strong construction activity is expected to remain an important driver for near-term growth.

Tuvalu 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For Tuvalu

Author: International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498342175
Size: 72.18 MB
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Tuvalu is one of the smallest and most isolated countries in the world. With a population of some 11,000 people living on 26 square kilometers, Tuvalu is more than 3,000 kilometers away from its nearest major external market (New Zealand). The country faces tremendous challenges stemming from its remoteness, lack of scale economies, weak institutional capacity, and, above all, climate change and rising sea levels, which threaten the country’s very existence. (Appendix III)

Australia Staff Report For 2013 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For Australia

Author: International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475556829
Size: 25.33 MB
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View: 2014
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This 2013 Article IV Consultation highlights that the Australian economy has performed well relative to many other advanced economies since the global financial crisis. A transition phase has now been reached as the terms of trade-driven mining investment boom of the past decade has peaked, and the economy is moving to the production and export phase. Annual growth slowed to 2¼ percent in the third quarter of 2013, below the trend growth of about 3 percent. Inflation remains anchored in the Reserve Bank of Australia’s (RBA) target range.

Tonga

Author: International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Department
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781498311816
Size: 15.67 MB
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This paper discusses recent economic developments, economic outlook, risks, and challenges in Tonga. The Tongan economy has been rebounding since a contraction in FY2013. Growth accelerated from 2.1 percent in FY2014 to 3.7 percent in FY2015, supported by construction, tourism, strong remittances, and strong private credit, notwithstanding weather-related disruptions to agricultural production. The FY2016 real GDP growth is projected to remain relatively strong at 3.1 percent, driven by a recovery in agriculture and an increase in construction activity in preparation for the South Pacific Games. However, a protracted period of slower growth in advanced and emerging market economies, particularly in Australia and New Zealand, could weigh on Tonga via aid, remittances, and tourism channels.

Breaking The Oil Spell

Author: Reda Cherif
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1484317785
Size: 28.97 MB
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The “Gulf Falcons”—the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council—have high living standards as a result of large income flows from oil. The decline of oil prices between summer 2014 and fall 2015 underscores the urgency for the Gulf Falcons to diversify away from their current heavy reliance on oil exports. This book discusses attempts at diversification in the Middle East and North Africa and the complex choices policymakers face. It brings together the views of academics and policymakers to offer practical advice for future efforts to increase productivity growth.

Vietnam

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Publisher:
ISBN: 9781498373890
Size: 54.50 MB
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Growth has been robust with low inflation. Sustaining this good performance and addressing key risks will require a second generation of policy upgrades. A new government took office in 2016 with a commitment to reforms that, if implemented, would place Vietnam in a sound position to achieve its ambitious development goals.

Capital Flow Deflection

Author: Paolo Giordani
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498317499
Size: 14.10 MB
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This paper focuses on the coordination problem among borrowing countries imposing controls on capital infl ows. In a simple model of capital flows and controls, we show that inflow restrictions distort international capital flows to other countries and that, in turn, such capital flow deflection may lead to a policy response. We then test the theory using data on inflow restrictions and gross capital inflows for a large sample of developing countries between 1995 and 2009. Our estimation yields strong evidence that capital controls deflect capital flows to other borrowing countries with similar economic characteristics. Notwithstanding these strong cross-border spillover effects, we do not find evidence of a policy response.

Exchange Rate Assessments

Author: Mr. Jaewoo Lee
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1451932316
Size: 41.43 MB
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The rapid increase in international trade and financial integration over the past decade and the growing importance of emerging markets in world trade and GDP have inspired the IMF to place stronger emphasis on multilateral surveillance, macro-financial linkages, and the implications of globalization. The IMF's Consultative Group on Exchange Rate Issues (CGER)--formed in the mid-1990s to provide exchange rate assessments for a number of advanced economies from a multilateral perspective--has therefore broadened its mandate to cover both key advanced economies and major emerging market economies. This Occasional Paper summarizes the methodologies that underpin the expanded analysis.

World Report On Disability

Author: World Health Organization
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789241564182
Size: 31.34 MB
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The World Report on Disability suggests more than a billion people totally experience disability. They generally have poorer health, lower education and fewer economic opportunities and higher rates of poverty than people without disabilities. This report provides the best available evidence about what works to overcome barriers to better care and services.