The Neolithisation Of Iran

Author: Roger Matthews
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 1782971939
Size: 11.21 MB
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The period c. 10,000-5000 BC witnessed fundamental changes in the human condition with societies across the Fertile Crescent shifting their alignment from millennia-old practices of seasonally mobile hunting and foraging to year-round sedentism, plant cultivation and animal herding. The significant role of Iran in the early stages of this transition was recognised more than half a century ago but has not been to the fore of academic consciousness in recent decades. In the meantime, investigations into Neolithic transformation have proceeded apace in all other regions of the Fertile Crescent and beyond. Here, 18 studies attempt to redress that balance in re-assessing the role of Iran in the early neolithisation of human societies. These studies, many of them by Iranian scholars, consider patterns of change and/or continuity across a variety of topographical landscapes; investigate Neolithic settlement patterns, the use of caves, animal exploitation and environmental indicators and present new insights into some well-known and some newly investigated sites. The results re-affirm the formative role of this region in the transition to sedentary farming.

Iran

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Vols. for 1963- include the Director's report, 1961/62-

The Eastern Wing Of The Fertile Crescent

Author: Stefan Karol Kozłowski
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports
ISBN: 9780860549659
Size: 69.28 MB
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Plant and animal domestication was important in revolutionising the Greater Mesopotamian region. Archaeological evidence has been used to assess and trace the transformation from mobile foragers to the emergence of urban centres. However, the significance of changing stone tool technologies has received little attention in this regard. Koslowski uses lithic evidence to identify and describe various cultures within this region and to trace their development. He studies the raw materials, methods of knapping, types of blanks, retouched pieces and the function of various artefacts. 'His pioneering volume will be appreciated by many who devot their research to achieving a better understanding of the evolutionary threshold that inevitably heralded the emergence of urban civilizations'.

The Dynamics Of Neolithisation In Europe

Author: Angelos Hadjikoumis
Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited
ISBN: 9781842179994
Size: 55.58 MB
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Dynamics of Neolithisation in Europe examines the development of early agriculture in Neolithic Europe, drawing on the work of the late Professor Andrew Sherratt. His untimely death coincided with an important period of research that moved beyond searching for singular causal mechanisms behind the `neolithisation' of Europe in favour of developing a better understanding of the complex interrelationships of cultural, ecological, economic and social factors. Andrew Sherratt's work is significant because it developed models for integrating the different evidential components and analytical scales involved in the prehistoric development of European agriculture. The sixteen chapters in this volume focus on a wide range of evidence at an equally wide range of spatial and temporal scales. They examine such significant factors as plant and animal domestication, social organisation, the development of monumental architecture, exchange and social identity and the cultural transmission of technology. Together they exhibit the enormous diversity of contemporary research into the development of early agriculture in Europe

Investigating Archaeological Cultures

Author: Benjamin W. Roberts
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441969705
Size: 62.24 MB
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Defining "culture" is an important step in undertaking archaeological research. Any thorough study of a particular culture first has to determine what that culture contains-- what particular time period, geographic region, and group of people make up that culture. The study of archaeology has many accepted definitions of particular cultures, but recently these accepted definitions have come into question. As archaeologists struggle to define cultures, they also seek to define the components of culture. This volume brings together 21 international case studies to explore the meaning of "culture" for regions around the globe and periods from the Paleolithic to the Bronze Age and beyond. Taking lessons and overarching themes from these studies, the contributors draw important conclusions about cultural transmission, technology development, and cultural development. The result is a comprehensive model for approaching the study of culture, broken down into regions (Russia, Continental Europe, North America, Britain, and Africa), materials (Lithics, Ceramics, Metals) and time periods. This work will be valuable to all archaeologists and cultural anthropologists, particularly those studying material culture.

The Mediterranean Context Of Early Greek History

Author: Nancy H. Demand
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444342347
Size: 48.24 MB
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The Mediterranean Context of Early Greek History reveals the role of the complex interaction of Mediterranean seafaring and maritime connections in the development of the ancient Greek city-states. Offers fascinating insights into the origins of urbanization in the ancient Mediterranean, including the Greek city-state Based on the most recent research on the ancient Mediterranean Features a novel approach to theories of civilization change - foregoing the traditional isolationists model of development in favor of a maritime based network Argues for cultural interactions set in motion by exchange and trade by sea

The Lost World Of Old Europe

Author: David W. Anthony
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691143880
Size: 55.76 MB
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In the prehistoric Copper Age, long before cities, writing, or the invention of the wheel, Old Europe was among the most culturally rich regions in the world. Its inhabitants lived in prosperous agricultural towns. The ubiquitous goddess figurines found in their houses and shrines have triggered intense debates about women's roles. The Lost World of Old Europe is the accompanying catalog for an exhibition at New York University's Institute for the Study of the Ancient World. This superb volume features essays by leading archaeologists as well as breathtaking color photographs cataloguing the objects, some illustrated here for the first time. The heart of Old Europe was in the lower Danube valley, in contemporary Bulgaria and Romania. Old European coppersmiths were the most advanced metal artisans in the world. Their intense interest in acquiring copper, Aegean shells, and other rare valuables gave rise to far-reaching trading networks. In their graves, the bodies of Old European chieftains were adorned with pounds of gold and copper ornaments. Their funerals were without parallel in the Near East or Egypt. The exhibition represents the first time these rare objects have appeared in the United States. An unparalleled introduction to Old Europe's cultural, technological, and artistic legacy, The Lost World of Old Europe includes essays by Douglass Bailey, John Chapman, Cornelia-Magda Lazarovici, Ioan Opris and Catalin Bem, Ernst Pernicka, Dragomir Nicolae Popovici, Michel Séfériadès, and Vladimir Slavchev.