Getting Energy Prices Right From Principle To Practice

Author: Ian W.H. Parry
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498309038
Size: 78.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Energy taxes can produce substantial environmental and revenue benefits and are an important component of countries’ fiscal systems. Although the principle that these taxes should reflect global warming, air pollution, road congestion, and other adverse environmental impacts of energy use is well established, there has been little previous work providing guidance on how countries can put this principle into practice. This book develops a practical methodology, and associated tools, to show how the major environmental damages from energy can be quantified for different countries and used to design the efficient set of energy taxes. The results, which are illustrated for more than 150 countries, suggest there is pervasive mispricing of energy across developed and developing countries alike with much at stake in policy reform. At a global level, implementing efficient energy prices would reduce carbon emissions by an estimated 23 percent and fossil-fuel air pollution deaths by 63 percent, while raising revenues (badly needed for fiscal consolidation and reducing other burdensome taxes) averaging 2.6 percent of GDP.

Sustainability Principles And Practice

Author: Margaret Robertson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135035970
Size: 77.69 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Sustainability Principles and Practice gives an accessible and comprehensive overview of the interdisciplinary field of sustainability. The focus is on furnishing solutions and equipping the student with both conceptual understanding and technical skills for the workplace. Each chapter explores one aspect of the field, first introducing relevant theory and presenting issues, then supplying tools for working toward solutions. Elements of sustainability are examined piece by piece, and wide coverage ranges over ecosystems, social equity, environmental justice, food, energy, product life cycles, cities, and more. Techniques for management and measurement as well as case studies from around the world are provided. Chapters include further reading, discussion questions, and problems to foster quantitative thinking. The book is supported by a companion website with key website links, detailed reading lists, glossary, and additional case studies, together with numerous projects, research problems, and group activities, all of which focus on real-world problem solving of sustainability issues. The textbook is designed to be used by undergraduate college and university students in sustainability degree programs and other programs in which sustainability is taught.

Nanocoatings Principles And Practice

Author: Steven Abbott
Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc
ISBN: 1605950904
Size: 48.64 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A practical guide for designing and making commercial coatings to which nanoparticles are added. It shows how to create and recognize a nanocoating formulation with the correct functional properties. It connects formulation and fabrication in ways conducive to the manufacture of marketable nanocoated products.

Innovation And Entrepreneurship

Author: Peter Drucker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317601351
Size: 64.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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How can management be developed to create the greatest wealth for society as a whole? This is the question Peter Drucker sets out to answer in Innovation and Entrepreneurship. A brilliant, mould-breaking attack on management orthodoxy it is one of Drucker’s most important books, offering an excellent overview of some of his main ideas. He argues that what defines an entrepreneur is their attitude to change: ‘the entrepreneur always searches for change, responds to it and exploits it as an opportunity’. To exploit change, according to Drucker, is to innovate. Stressing the importance of low-tech entrepreneurship, the challenge of balancing technological possibilities with limited resources, and the organisation as a learning organism, he concludes with a vision of an entrepreneurial society where individuals increasingly take responsibility for their own learning and careers. With a new foreword by Joseph Maciariello

Nuclear Energy

Author: David Bodansky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387269313
Size: 13.32 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This second edition represents an extensive revision of the ?rst edition, - though the motivation for the book and the intended audiences, as described inthepreviouspreface,remainthesame. Theoveralllengthhasbeenincreased substantially, with revised or expanded discussions of a number of topics, - cluding Yucca Mountain repository plans, new reactor designs, health e?ects of radiation, costs of electricity, and dangers from terrorism and weapons p- liferation. The overall status of nuclear power has changed rather little over the past eight years. Nuclear reactor construction remains at a very low ebb in much of the world, with the exception of Asia, while nuclear power’s share of the electricity supply continues to be about 75% in France and 20% in the United States. However,therearesignsofaheightenedinterestinconsideringpossible nuclear growth. In the late 1990s, the U. S. Department of Energy began new programs to stimulate research and planning for future reactors, and many candidate designs are now contending—at least on paper—to be the next generation leaders. Outside the United States, the commercial development ofthePebbleBedModularReactorisbeingpursuedinSouthAfrica,aFrench- German consortium has won an order from Finlandfor the long-plannedEPR (European Pressurized Water Reactor), and new reactors have been built or planned in Asia. In an unanticipated positive development for nuclear energy, the capacity factor of U. S. reactors has increased dramatically in recent years, and most operating reactors now appear headed for 20-year license renewals.

Principles And Practice Of Laser Dentistry

Author: Robert A. Convissar
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323297633
Size: 21.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Expand your skills in the rapidly growing field of laser dentistry! The new second edition of Principles and Practice of Laser Dentistry contains everything you need to know about the latest laser procedures across all areas of dentistry. With vivid clinical photos and easy-to-follow writing, Dr. Robert A. Convissar and his team of dental experts walk you through the most common uses of lasers in areas like: periodontics, periodontal surgery, oral pathology, implantology, fixed and removable prosthetics, cosmetic procedures, endodontics, operative dentistry, pediatrics, orthodontics, and oral and maxillofacial surgery. The book also covers topics such as the history of lasers in dentistry, laser research, the latest laser equipment, and how to go about incorporating lasers into your practice, so that you are fully equipped to use lasers successfully in your treatments. The latest evidence-based, authoritative information is written by experts from all areas of dentistry (periodontics, orthodontics, oral surgery, prosthodontics, implants, endodontics, and pediatric and general dentistry). Case studies reflect treatment planning and the use of lasers for a variety of pathologies. Detailed, full-color art program clearly illustrates preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative procedures. Summary tables and boxes provide easy-to-read summaries of essential information. Clinical Tips and Caution boxes interspersed throughout the text highlight key clinical points. Glossary at the end of the book provides definitions of laser terminology. Chapter on Introducing Lasers into the Dental Practice provides guidelines for the investment into lasers. NEW! Updated content on regenerative laser periodontal therapy, lasers in implant dentistry, lasers in restorative dentistry, low-level lasers in dentistry, and laser dentistry research reflects the latest technology advancements in the field. NEW! More clinical photos, equipment photos, and conceptual illustrations offer a detailed look at how equipment is used and how procedures are completed.

Principles Practice Of Physics Global Edition

Author: Eric Mazur
Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed
ISBN: 1292076496
Size: 19.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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For Introductory Calculus-based Physics Courses. Putting physics first Based on his storied research and teaching, Eric Mazur’s Principles & Practice of Physics builds an understanding of physics that is both thorough and accessible. Unique organization and pedagogy allow students to develop a true conceptual understanding of physics alongside the quantitative skills needed in the course. New learning architecture: The book is structured to help students learn physics in an organized way that encourages comprehension and reduces distraction. Physics on a contemporary foundation: Traditional texts delay the introduction of ideas that we now see as unifying and foundational. This text builds physics on those unifying foundations, helping students to develop an understanding that is stronger, deeper, and fundamentally simpler. Research-based instruction: This text uses a range of research-based instructional techniques to teach physics in the most effective manner possible. The result is a groundbreaking book that puts physics first, thereby making it more accessible to students and easier for instructors to teach. MasteringPhysics® works with the text to create a learning program that enables students to learn both in and out of the classroom. This program provides a better teaching and learning experience for you and your students. Here’s how: Build an integrated, conceptual understanding of physics: Help students gain a deeper understanding of the unified laws that govern our physical world through the innovative chapter structure and pioneering table of contents. Encourage informed problem solving: The separate Practice Volume empowers students to reason more effectively and better solve problems. Personalize learning with MasteringPhysics: MasteringPhysics provides students with engaging experiences that coach them through physics with specific wrong-answer feedback, hints, and a wide variety of educationally effective content. MasteringPhysics is not included. Students, if MasteringPhysics is a recommended/mandatory component of the course, please ask your instructor for the correct ISBN and course ID. MasteringPhysics is not a self-paced technology and should only be purchased when required by an instructor. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information. MasteringPhysics is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment product designed to personalize learning and improve results. With a wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, students are encouraged to actively learn and retain tough course concepts.

Implementing A Us Carbon Tax

Author: Ian Parry
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317602072
Size: 70.87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Although the future extent and effects of global climate change remain uncertain, the expected damages are not zero, and risks of serious environmental and macroeconomic consequences rise with increasing atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations. Despite the uncertainties, reducing emissions now makes sense, and a carbon tax is the simplest, most effective, and least costly way to do this. At the same time, a carbon tax would provide substantial new revenues which may be badly needed, given historically high debt-to-GDP levels, pressures on social security and medical budgets, and calls to reform taxes on personal and corporate income. This book is about the practicalities of introducing a carbon tax, set against the broader fiscal context. It consists of thirteen chapters, written by leading experts, covering the full range of issues policymakers would need to understand, such as the revenue potential of a carbon tax, how the tax can be administered, the advantages of carbon taxes over other mitigation instruments and the environmental and macroeconomic impacts of the tax. A carbon tax can work in the United States. This volume shows how, by laying out sound design principles, opportunities for broader policy reforms, and feasible solutions to specific implementation challenges.

The Eco Home Design Guide

Author: Christopher Day
Publisher: Green Books
ISBN: 9780857843043
Size: 68.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Designing an eco home is much more about working with your house's plce and situation than relying in intrusive technology and hi-tech mateirals. In this book, Christopher Day draws on his extensive experience to explain the key principles of eco-home design, using common-sense methods to create a pleasant, comfortable and healthy home. With beautifully simple hand-drawn illustrations, Christopher takes you through: - Using the local topography, combined with landscaping, to improve your home's microclimate - Designing to keep your home dry and warm in the winter, and cool in the summer - Minimizing hidden environmental impacts - Making the house safe and healthy, both emotionally and physically The book includes several case studies of eco hoomes, reviewing (with hindsight) what worked well and what could have been better.

Corrosion Engineering

Author: Pierre Roberge
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071640878
Size: 73.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Latest Methods for Preventing and Controlling Corrosion in All Types of Materials and Applications Now you can turn to Corrosion Engineering for expert coverage of the theory and current practices you need to understand water, atmospheric, and high-temperature corrosion processes. This comprehensive resource explains step-by-step how to prevent and control corrosion in all types of metallic materials and applications-from steel and aluminum structures to pipelines. Filled with 300 illustrations, this skills-building guide shows you how to utilize advanced inspection and monitoring methods for corrosion problems in infrastructure, process and food industries, manufacturing, and military industries. Authoritative and complete, Corrosion Engineering features: Expert guidance on corrosion prevention and control techniques Hands-on methods for inspection and monitoring of corrosion problems New methods for dealing with corrosion A review of current practice, with numerous examples and calculations Inside This Cutting-Edge Guide to Corrosion Prevention and Control • Introduction: Scope and Language of Corrosion • Electrochemistry of Corrosion • Environments: Atmospheric Corrosion • Corrosion by Water and Steam • Corrosion in Soils • Reinforced Concrete • High-Temperature Corrosion • Materials and How They Corrode: Engineering Materials • Forms of Corrosion • Methods of Control: Protective Coatings • Cathodic Protection • Corrosion Inhibitors • Failure Analysis and Design Considerations • Testing and Monitoring: Corrosion Testing and Monitoring