Fair Labelling And The Dilemma Of Prosecuting Gender Based Crimes At The International Criminal Tribunals

Author: Hilmi M. Zawati
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199357110
Size: 14.44 MB
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This scholarly legal work focuses on the dilemma of prosecuting gender-based crimes under the statutes of the international criminal tribunals with reference to the principle of fair labelling. In this book Hilmi M. Zawati explains how the abstractness and lack of accurate description of gender-based crimes in the statutory laws of the international criminal tribunals and courts infringe the principle of fair labelling, lead to inconsistent verdicts and punishments, and cause inadequate prosecution of these crimes. This inquiry deals with gender-based crimes as a case study, and with fair labelling as a legal principle and a theoretical framework. Critical and timely, this study contributes to existing scholarship in many different ways. It is the first legal analysis to focus on the dilemma of prosecuting and punishing wartime gender-based crimes in the statutory laws of the international criminal tribunals and the ICC in the context of fair labelling. Moreover, it emphasizes that applying fair labelling to wartime gender-based crimes would enable the tribunals and the ICC to deliver fair judgments, eliminate inconsistent prosecution, overcome shortcomings in addressing gender-based crimes within their jurisprudence, while breaking the cycle of impunity for these crimes. Consisting of two parts, this work begins by outlining the central focus and theoretical legal framework of the study. It concentrates on fair labelling as an imperative legal principle and a legal framework, examines its intellectual development, scope and justification, and illustrates its applicability to gender-based crimes. The second part addresses the dilemma of prosecuting gender-based crimes in the international criminal tribunals.

The Concept Of Cultural Genocide

Author: Elisa Novic
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198787162
Size: 42.90 MB
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Cultural genocide is the systematic destruction of traditions, values, language, and other elements that make one group of people distinct from another.Cultural genocide remains a recurrent topic, appearing not only in the form of wide-ranging claims about the commission of cultural genocide in diverse contexts but also in the legal sphere, as exemplified by the discussions before the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and also the drafting of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. These discussions have, however, displayed the lack of a uniform understanding of the concept of cultural genocide and thus of the role that international law is expected to fulfil in this regard. The Concept of Cultural Genocide: An International Law Perspective details how international law has approached the core idea underlying the concept of cultural genocide and how this framework can be strengthened and fostered. It traces developments from the early conceptualisation of cultural genocide to the contemporary question of its reparation. Through this journey, the book discusses the evolution of various branches of international law in relation to both cultural protection and cultural destruction in light of a number of legal cases in which either the concept of cultural genocide or the idea of cultural destruction has been discussed. Such cases include the destruction of cultural and religious heritage in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the forced removals of Aboriginal children in Australia and Canada, and the case law of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in relation to Indigenous and tribal groups' cultural destruction.

In Whose Name

Author: Armin von Bogdandy
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198717466
Size: 50.52 MB
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International courts and tribunals make decisions which shape international law. Yet what grants them the legitimacy to make these decisions in the first place? This book proposes a theory of international public law that argues that these international courts democratically derive their legitimacy from the people and citizens.

Defining Rape Emerging Obligations For States Under International Law

Author: Maria Eriksson
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004202633
Size: 41.75 MB
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The crime of rape has been prevalent in all contexts, whether committed during armed conflict or in peacetime, and has largely been characterised by a culture of impunity. International law, through its branches of international human rights law, international humanitarian law and international criminal law, has increasingly condemned such violence and is progressively obliging states to prevent rape, whether committed by a state agent or a private actor.

Principles Of International Criminal Law

Author: Gerhard Werle
Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)
ISBN: 0198703600
Size: 77.80 MB
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Principles of International Criminal Law has become one of the most influential textbooks in the field of international criminal justice. It offers a systematic and comprehensive analysis of the foundations and general principles of substantive international criminal law, including thorough discussion of its core crimes. It provides a detailed understanding of the general principles, sources, and evolution of international criminal law, demonstrating how it has developed, and how its application has changed. After establishing the general principles, the book assesses the four key international crimes as defined by the statute of the International Criminal Court: genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression. This new edition revises and updates work with developments in international criminal justice since 2009. It includes new material on the principle of culpability as one of the fundamental principles of international criminal law, the notion of terrorism as a crime under international law, the concept of direct participation in hostilities, the problem of so-called unlawful combatants, and the issue of targeted killings. The book retains its highly-acclaimed systematic approach and consistent methodology, making the book essential reading for both students and scholars of international criminal law, as well as for practitioners and judges working in the field.

Calculation Of Compensation And Damages In International Investment Law

Author: Irmgard Marboe
Publisher: Oxford International Arbitrati
ISBN: 9780198749936
Size: 18.18 MB
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Fully revised and updated from the successful first edition, this title analyses the practice of international courts and tribunals with regard to the valuation of investment claims against states, paying specific attention to the question of interest. This new edition incorporates new jurisprudence, updates existing cases, and includes a new section on immaterial damage. The new edition also contains extensive annexes devoted to ICSID cases and non-ICSID investment cases, as well as a table on methods of valuation in international practice. This issue of valuation represents one of the most important aspects of international investment disputes. The parties involved have an obvious interest in an appropriate solution to the question of the quantum of damages. The sums involved are high and this is particularly true in the context of private foreign investment. With the increase in international investment both in the developing as well as the developed world, there is a growing need for a stable and predictable approach to quantum. This new edition meets the needs of foreign investors and host states by setting the issue of valuation on more solid ground. It provides an analysis of how international courts and tribunals have handled cases until now. The emphasis lies on the correct identification of the legal basis claim to inform the valuation method. The author concludes with suggestions and proposals as to how valuation should be handled by legal councils, experts, judges, and arbitrators in international judicial proceedings.

Institutional Racism And The Police

Author: David G. Green
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781903386064
Size: 13.64 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Sir William Macpherson's inquiry into the murder of Stephen Lawrence claimed to find evidence of 'institutional' or 'unwitting' racism in the Metropolitan Police Service. However, the inquiry's findings were controversial. No evidence was produced - at least in the sense in which evidence is understood in a court of law. The definition of racism which Macpherson devised was contentious because it was unprovable, and Macpherson failed to give weight to alternative explanations for the way in which Stephen Lawrence's killers escaped prosecution.