Exploring Functional Cognitive Space

Author: Christopher S. Butler
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027270228
Size: 12.34 MB
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This book, intended primarily for researchers and advanced students, expands greatly on previous work by the authors exploring the topography of the multidimensional “functional-cognitive space” within which functional, cognitive and/or constructionist approaches to language can be located. The analysis covers a broad range of 16 such approaches, with some additional references to Chomskyan minimalism, and is based on 58 questionnaire items, each rated by 29 experts on particular models for their importance in the model concerned. These ratings are analysed statistically to reveal overall patterns of (dis)similarity across models. The questionnaire ratings and experts’ comments are then used, together with the authors’ close reading of the literature, in detailed discussion leading to a final dichotomous rating for each feature in each model, the results again being analysed statistically. The final chapter presents the overall conclusions and suggests how existing collaborations between approaches could be strengthened, and new ones created, in future research. Exploring Functional-Cognitive Space has been awarded the 2016 prize of the Spanish Association for Applied Linguistics (Asociación Española de Lingüística Aplicada, AESLA) for work by experienced researchers.

Exploring The Musical Mind

Author: John Sloboda
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198530138
Size: 24.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In the 20 years since publication of John Sloboda's landmark volume The Musical Mind, music psychology has developed as a vibrant area of research - exerting influence on areas as diverse as music education and cognitive neuroscience. This new book brings together 24 selected essays and reviews written by an internationally acclaimed authority on music and the mind. Chapters are grouped into four main areas of study. These are, cognitive processes (including music reading, memory and performance), emotion and motivation, talent and skill development, and music in the real world (including functions of music in everyday life and culture). The book ends with a newly written chapter on music psychology and social benefits. The book brings together in one place a range of influential writings, whose links to one another provide a compendious overview of a subject that has come to maturity during the author's career, a career which has significantly contributed to the development of the field.

Deconstructing Constructions

Author: Christopher Butler
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027205744
Size: 75.89 MB
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Experts in functional linguistics and in Construction Grammar approaches explore the concept of construction, what it is, and what roles constructions play in the frameworks which can be located within a multidimensional functional-cognitive space. The volume also plots the developments which led to recent models.

Theory And Practice In Functional Cognitive Space

Author: María de los Ángeles Gómez-González
ISBN: 9789027215789
Size: 38.36 MB
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The differences among functionalist, cognitivist and/or constructionist models are generally taken to be not absolute, but rather a matter of emphasis and degree, with an increasing permeability between paradigms arising from cross-fertilizing influences. This book further explores this burgeoning area of research through the notion of functional-cognitive space, namely, the topography of the space occupied by functional, cognitivist and/or constructionist models against the background of formalist approaches in general and of Chomsky s Minimalism in particular. Specifically, the twelve contributions in the present volume update the reader on recent developments in functionalism (Systemic Functional Grammar, Functional Discourse Grammar and Role and Reference Grammar) and cognitivism (Word Grammar, (Cognitive) Construction Grammar and the Lexical Contructional Model). Plotting cognitive-space proves particularly adequate for situating the six models represented in this volume, not only in relation to each other, but also potentially with respect to a wide spectrum of functionalist, cognitivist and/or constructionist models."

Imagery And Spatial Cognition

Author: Tomaso Vecchi
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027252025
Size: 77.76 MB
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The relationships between perception and imagery, imagery and spatial processes, memory and action: These are the main themes of this text The interest of experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience on imagery and spatial cognition is remarkably increased in the last decades. Different areas of research contribute to the clarification of the multiple cognitive processes subserving spatial perception and exploration, and to the definition of the neurophysiological mechanisms underpinning these cognitive functions. The aim of this book is to provide the reader (post-graduate students as well as experts) with a complete overview of this field of research. It illustrates the way how brain, behaviour and cognition interact in normal and pathological subjects in perceiving, representing and exploring space. (Series B).

Sensorimotor Foundations Of Higher Cognition

Author: Patrick Haggard
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199231447
Size: 77.44 MB
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The lastest volume in this prestigious series is dedicated to exploring how much of higher cognitive function can be explained by reduction to simpler sensorimotor processes. It uses a series of specific cognitive domains to examine the sensorimotor bases of human cognition. The first section deals with the common neural processes for primary and 'cognitive' processes. It examines the key neural systems and computational architectures at the interface between cognition, sensation and action. The second section deals with specific themes in abstract cognition: the origins of action, and the conceptual aspects of sensory, particularly somatosensory processing. It looks at how mental and neural processes of abstraction are vital to the cognitive-sensorimotor interface. It also covers topics such as tool-use, bodily awareness and executive organisation of action patterns, and probes the extent to which principles of sensorimotor information-processing extend to further hierarchical representations. The next section deals with the representation of the self and others. The questions of self-consciousness and of attribution to other minds have a fundamental place, and a long history in psychology. At first sight, few aspects of cognition could seem more abstract, more refined than these. However, recent research suggests that sensorimotor systems are good 'social levellers': your sensory and motor apparatus is much like mine. Can people vicariously experience the sensory and motor events of other individuals? What aspects of social representation are explained by sensorimotor sharing, and what are not? The chapters in this section offer strongly contrasting perspectives. The final section deals with upper limits of cognition: the most abstract and conceptual levels of thought, including action syntax, language, and consciousness. These chapters investigate which aspects, if any, of such concepts as time, space, identity and number may be linked to representations of basic sensory and motor events. Taken as a whole, the chapters in the book provide a compelling overview and re-examination of the sensorimotor foundations of human cognition.

Cognitive English Grammar

Author: Günter Radden
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9781556196638
Size: 66.11 MB
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"Cognitive English Grammar" is designed to be used as a textbook in courses of English and general linguistics. It introduces the reader to cognitive linguistic theory and shows that Cognitive Grammar helps us to gain a better understanding of the grammar of English. The notions of motivation and meaningfulness are central to the approach adopted in the book. In four major parts comprising 12 chapters, "Cognitive English Grammar "integrates recent cognitive approaches into one coherent model, allowing the analysis of the most central constructions of English. Part I presents the cognitive framework: conceptual and linguistic categories, their combination in situations, the cognitive operations applied to them, and the organisation of conceptual structures into linguistic constructions. Part II deals with the category of things and their linguistic structuring as nouns and noun phrases. It shows how things are grounded in reality by means of reference, quantified by set and scalar quantifiers, and qualified by modifiers. Part III describes situations as temporal units of various layers: internally, as types of situations; and externally, as located relative to the time of speech and grounded in reality or potentiality. Part IV looks at situations as relational units and their structuring as sentences. Its two chapters are devoted to event schemas and space and metaphorical extensions of space."Cognitive English Grammar" offers a wealth of linguistic data and explanations. The didactic quality is guaranteed by the frequent use of definitions and examples, a glossary of the terms used, overviews and chapter summaries, suggestions for further reading, and study questions. For the Key to Study Questions click here.

Cognitive Models Of Science

Author: Ronald N. Giere
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 9780816619795
Size: 31.16 MB
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Cognitive Models of Science resulted from a workshop on the implications of the cognitive sciences for the philosophy of science held in October 1989 under the auspices of the Minnesota Center for Philosophy of Science.

Cognitive Optometry 2

Author: Nazir Brelvi OD
Publisher: AuthorHouse
ISBN: 1449065554
Size: 24.48 MB
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According to Dr. Brelvi, a 20-year veteran of Clinical Optometry, the frontiers of scientific discovery are defined not only by the various “tools” available for clinical observation and monitoring but more so by conceptual innovation. By introducing the new discipline of Cognitive Optometry two years ago, Dr. Brelvi envisioned fellow vision-care practitioners to recognize the central role played by vision in mediating the complex processes of awareness, attention and cognition, which give rise to the gift of sentience in human beings and higher primates. In his view, what marks Cognitive Optometry as an important asset to the field of Neuro-Biology, is the correlation of anomalous mental activities as a visual information-processing problem. This rests on the basic premise that our perceptions, thoughts and social behavior depend largely on the ability of the visual system to become aware, attend and respond appropriately to incoming sensory information. “Any disruption or dysfunction of the complex neural pathways from the retina, through the midbrain into the primary, secondary and tertiary regions of the visual cortex” states Dr.Brelvi, “will lead to perceptual and conceptual anomalies in the affected individual.” Dr. Brelvi also believes that our role as primary vision-care providers is to not only diagnose but also help manage these deficits and assist our patients to lead more productive and rewarding lives.