The Eu Services Directive Gains From Further Liberalization

Author: Emilio Fernández Corugedo
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498381723
Size: 42.98 MB
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The EU Services Directive was adopted in 2006 to foster competition in services across Europe. However, progress in liberalizing services has fallen short of expectations due to the article 15 of the Directive, which allows countries to maintain pre-existing restrictions if judged necessary to protect the public interest. Through input output analysis, this paper finds important multiplier effects of greater efficiency services to the rest of the economy. A renewed impulse to the liberalization process could be given by enhancing the advocacy role of national competition authorities in interpreting the notion of public interest underpinning existing regulations.

Democratizing Legal Services

Author: Laura Snyder
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498529801
Size: 28.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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We live in a “law-thick” world. For individuals and organizations in both the public and private sectors, navigating the large number of complex laws, rules, institutions, and procedures that pervade American life is virtually impossible without some assistance. Some argue that "there are too many lawyers." Others argue that the unmet need for legal services is so high that it constitutes a human rights crisis. This book exposes why it is easy to access legal services for some, while it is virtually impossible for others, and why some lawyers have successful careers, but others cannot. This book argues that the problems plaguing legal services in the US can be only be addressed by a radical overhaul of the rules that govern how legal services may be delivered, as well as radical changes to who exercises the power to make those rules. Through interviews with those with experience with alternative legal service providers, this book exposes the formidable obstacles that exist along the path to those changes, as well as the opportunities that await. More information can be found at:

France Selected Issues

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1513518828
Size: 21.64 MB
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This Selected Issues paper analyzes expenditure reforms in France. After decades of rising public spending and successive tax increases, the medium-term fiscal consolidation path described in the 2015 Stability Program is now fully expenditure based. However, recent efforts of nominal spending containment have not delivered the intended savings in the context of low growth and inflation. A thorough review of the efficiency of public spending could help prepare more fundamental reforms of spending programs and processes to underpin a lasting reduction in expenditures, which reached a record high of 57.2 percent of GDP in 2014.

Central And Eastern Europe New Member States Nms Policy Forum 2014 Selected Issues Paper

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475518439
Size: 76.94 MB
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In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.

Oecd Economic Surveys France 2015

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264206485
Size: 47.88 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This OECD Economic Survey of France examines recent economic developments, policies and prospects. Special chapters cover competition, adult training and skills.

France 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For France

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498324169
Size: 25.95 MB
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This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economy of France fared better than most other large euro areas economies through the crisis, reflecting the resilience of private consumption, lack of financial fragmentation, and lower levels of household and corporate debt. Banks’ financial position has also been strengthened. But after two years of near stagnation, unemployment remains high. A loss of competitiveness has also weighed on growth. The outlook is for a gradual recovery, with GDP growth projected at 0.7 percent in 2014 and 1.4 percent in 2015, based on stronger external and domestic private demand, reflecting gains in real disposable income and improved profit margins.

Should Britain Leave The Eu

Author: Patrick Minford
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1785360337
Size: 34.77 MB
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Placed in the context of the upcoming referendum, this second edition brings up to date a thorough review of all economic aspects of the UK's membership of the EU. It notes the intention of the EU to move to 'ever closer union' and the nature of the regulatory and general economic philosophy of its dominant members, whose position is enforced by qualified majority voting. The book highlights the UK’s dilemma that, while extending free markets to its local region is attractive, this European philosophy and closer union are substantially at odds with the UK's traditions of free markets and freedom under the common law. This comprehensive examination of the economic costs and benefits of membership uses state-of-the-art modeling methods and includes estimates of its net costs as a percentage of GDP. The book explains how the decision to leave would follow from a judgement on the political economy of the EU as compared with that of the UK. It details the misconceptions involved in much of the debate about trade with the EU, and argues that the key issue is not access to markets but rather the prices at which trade takes place. Covered in careful detail is the economics of the UK’s trade with the EU in the key sectors of agriculture, manufacturing, and services.

Tunnel Vision

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: European Union Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780108474002
Size: 17.85 MB
Format: PDF
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The Channel Tunnel's full potential is yet to be unlocked. Focusing particularly on the Channel Tunnel's role in connecting the passenger and freight rail network in Europe, the Committee's seven-month long inquiry has heard from a variety of rail experts including the Chief Executive of Eurostar, representatives from Eurotunnel and Deutsche Bahn and Transport Minister Theresa Villiers MP. The key recommendations from the committee are: i) the EU should ensure the full implementation of the Railway Packages in all Member States, to ensure fair access for all; ii) the terms of the Treaty of Canterbury (the agreement that allowed the Channel Tunnel's construction) should be reviewed, in order to move towards direct governance of the Tunnel by the UK and French national regulators; iii) safety standards used across the EU should apply in full in the Tunnel; iv) access charges should be reviewed and reduced, to ensure a better deal for operators and passengers; v) Border controls should be examined and streamlined, to encourage new international services to be developed; vi) priority for EU funding for rail infrastructure should be given to projects contributing to economic growth at a critical time for the Union, with conditions attached to ensure that new rail developments ensure fair access and are compatible with rail networks across the EU; vii)consumer interests must be paramount. Member States must increase the importance and awareness of passenger rights, and ensure that tickets can be booked conveniently and in an integrated way to allow for easier and less bureaucratic international train travel

Unity And Flexibility In The Future Of The European Union The Challenge Of Enhanced Cooperation

Author: José María Beneyto, Julia Baquero, Belén Becerril, Michael Bolle, Marise Cremona, Sönke Ehret, Vicente López-Ibor, Jerónimo Maillo
Publisher: Fundación Univ. San Pablo
ISBN: 8492456965
Size: 22.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty poses anew the question of whether, from now on, it will be more likely for the European Union to use this mechanism, or, conversely, the new institutional, jurisdictional and decision-making framework may act as a containment of favourable trends in the development of variable integration formulas. In reality, flexible or differentiated integration instruments, within or outside of the framework of the EU, alongside strictly intergovernmental cooperation between certain EU countries, have existed since the beginning of Community integration.