Das Archiv Des Idadda

Author: Thomas Richter
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz
ISBN: 9783447067096
Size: 71.69 MB
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Im Sommer 2002 entdeckte das Team der syrisch-deutschen Mission eines internationalen Kooperationsprojektes im syrischen Misrife, dem alten Qatna, 71 Tontafeln und Tontafelfragmente, die bei der Zerstorung des Konigspalastes aus einem ebenerdigen Stockwerk in den tiefer gelegenen Korridor gesturzt waren. Unter den Tafeln befinden sich Briefe an Konig Idadda, so dass das Archiv insgesamt auf die Zeit um 1340 datiert werden kann, als Idaddas Konigspalast vor der Zerstorung durch Feinde der Hetiter stand. Das Archiv des Idadda beschlieat die Publikation des Tontafelarchivs mit einer interdisziplinaren Zusammenarbeit von philologischer Bearbeitung der Texte und archaologischer Auswertung des Fundkontextes. In den archaologischen Kapiteln wird anhand einer detaillierten Untersuchung der Versturzsituation die ursprungliche Anordnung und Lagerung der Tafeln rekonstruiert. Unter Berucksichtigung der Fundlage und anhand von Vergleichen mit den Archiven aus Ugarit, Mari und Alala? wird die Systematik und Organisation des Archivs erortert und es werden Ruckschlusse gezogen auf die Art des Archivs und seine Einbindung in das Palastgefuge. Die Publikation der Tontafeln erschlieat die Texte in sprachlicher Hinsicht. Dabei gilt besonderes Augenmerk einer ungewohnlichen Vermischung akkadischen und hurritischen Sprachmaterials. Die Einordnung der den Texten zu entnehmenden Informationen in den geschichtlichen Kontext zeigt zudem, dass sie einem relativ kurzen, genau einzugrenzenden Zeitraum innerhalb der Amarna-Zeit entstammen. Das Archiv stellt somit eine der wenigen Textsammlungen dar, die dieses noch wenig erforschte Zeitalter beleuchten.

Cultures In Contact

Author: Joan Aruz
Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art
ISBN: 9781588394750
Size: 17.39 MB
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In conjunction with the 2008-9 exhibition "Beyond Babylon: Art, Trade, and Diplomacy in the Second Millennium B.C." at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, a series of lectures brought together major international scholars in a variety of fields concerned with the worlds of the Near East and the eastern Mediterranean in the middle and late Bronze Ages. Interconnections among these rich and complex civilizations extending from Mesopotamia to the Mediterranean were developed in detail, ranging from reports of new archaeological discoveries and insightful art historical interpretations of material culture, to innovative investigations of literary, historical, and political aspects of interactions among these great powers. This symposium volume, containing twenty-eight essays, is an ideal companion to the exhibition catalogue, providing compelling overviews of the ancient Near Eastern and eastern Mediterranean cultures during this period that are both broad and deep in their range.

Semitic Languages In Contact

Author: Aaron Butts
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004300155
Size: 43.85 MB
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This volume contains twenty case studies analysing various aspects of language contact involving ancient and modern Semitic languages.

The Role Of Women In Work And Society In The Ancient Near East

Author: Brigitte Lion
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 1614519080
Size: 52.77 MB
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Economic history is well documented in Assyriology thanks to the good preservation of numerous private and official archives; however, the contribution of women has seldom been addressed. This volume examines the many aspects of women as economic agents, inside and outside of the family structure over the three millennia of Near Eastern history. Papers address issues from historical and archaeological points of view and with a gender perspective.

1177 B C

Author: Eric H. Cline
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400874491
Size: 80.68 MB
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In 1177 B.C., marauding groups known only as the "Sea Peoples" invaded Egypt. The pharaoh's army and navy managed to defeat them, but the victory so weakened Egypt that it soon slid into decline, as did most of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized world of the Bronze Age came to an abrupt and cataclysmic end. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the course of just a few decades. No more Minoans or Mycenaeans. No more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving economy and cultures of the late second millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, suddenly ceased to exist, along with writing systems, technology, and monumental architecture. But the Sea Peoples alone could not have caused such widespread breakdown. How did it happen? In this major new account of the causes of this "First Dark Ages," Eric Cline tells the gripping story of how the end was brought about by multiple interconnected failures, ranging from invasion and revolt to earthquakes, drought, and the cutting of international trade routes. Bringing to life the vibrant multicultural world of these great civilizations, he draws a sweeping panorama of the empires and globalized peoples of the Late Bronze Age and shows that it was their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic collapse and ushered in a dark age that lasted centuries. A compelling combination of narrative and the latest scholarship, 1177 B.C. sheds new light on the complex ties that gave rise to, and ultimately destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the Late Bronze Age—and that set the stage for the emergence of classical Greece.

A Companion To The Archaeology Of The Ancient Near East

Author: D. T. Potts
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444360779
Size: 74.96 MB
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A comprehensive and authoritative overview of ancient material culture from the late Pleistocene to Late Antiquity Features up-to-date surveys and the latest information from major new excavations such as Qatna (Syria), Göbekli Tepe (Turkey) Includes a diverse range of perspectives by senior, mid-career and junior scholars in Europe, USA, Britain, Australia, and the Middle East for a truly international group Includes major reviews of the origins of agriculture, animal domestication, and archaeological landscapes Includes chapters dealing with periods after the coming of Alexander the Great, including studies of the Seleucid, Arsacid, Sasanian, Roman and Byzantine empires in the Near East, as well as early Christianity in both the Levant and Mesopotamia Fills a gap in literature of the Ancient Near East, dealing with topics often overlooked, including ethical and legal issues in antiquities markets and international scholarship

A Companion To The Archaeology Of The Ancient Near East

Author: D. T. Potts
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405189886
Size: 36.77 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 6553
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A comprehensive and authoritative overview of ancient material culture from the late Pleistocene to Late Antiquity Features up–to–date surveys and the latest information from major new excavations such as Qatna (Syria), Göbekli Tepe (Turkey) Includes a diverse range of perspectives by senior, mid–career and junior scholars in Europe, USA, Britain, Australia, and the Middle East for a truly international group Includes major reviews of the origins of agriculture, animal domestication, and archaeological landscapes Includes chapters dealing with periods after the coming of Alexander the Great, including studies of the Seleucid, Arsacid, Sasanian, Roman and Byzantine empires in the Near East, as well as early Christianity in both the Levant and Mesopotamia Fills a gap in literature of the Ancient Near East, dealing with topics often overlooked, including ethical and legal issues in antiquities markets and international scholarship

Attu A Bo Azk Y

Author: Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft. Internationales Colloquium
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
ISBN: 9783447058551
Size: 21.53 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Anlasslich des 100. Jahrestages des Beginns der deutschen Ausgrabungen in Hattuscha, der Hauptstadt der Hethiter im Zentralanatolien des 2. Jahrtausends v. Chr., fand 2006 an der Universitat Wurzburg eine internationale Tagung der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft statt. Der Band enthalt die Druckfassung von 21 Vortragen, in denen einschlagig ausgewiesene Archaologen, Philologen und Historiker aus dem In- und Ausland eine Bilanz von 100 Jahren Hethiterforschung ziehen.Die Beitrage sind thematisch geordnet und behandeln zunachst die neuen Perspektiven der Ausgrabungen in Bogazkoy sowie die Edition und Auswertung der Keilschrifttexte aus Hattu?a. Den grossten Raum nehmen anschliessend die Beitrage ein, die Verbindungen zu anatolischen Randgebieten und zu der ausseranatolischen Welt thematisieren. Den Abschluss bilden Beitrage zur grossreichszeitlichen Politik und zum Nachleben altanatolischer Kunst im Syrien des 1. Jahrtausends v. Chr.