Bosnia And Herzegovina Sixth And Seventh Reviews Under The Stand By Arrangement And Requests For Augmentation Of Access And Modification Of Performance Criteria Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For Bosnia And Herzegovina

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498315526
Size: 56.58 MB
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This paper discusses Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Sixth and Seventh Reviews Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Requests for Augmentation of Access and Modification of Performance Criteria (PC). Program performance became more uneven in late 2013 and early 2014, reflecting both economic factors and delays in policy implementation. Fiscal policies were broadly on track, but two end-December 2013 fiscal PCs were missed. As revenue collection steadily improved, all end-March 2014 PCs were met. Given the authorities’ overall performance and corrective actions, the IMF staff recommends the completion of the sixth and seventh reviews.

World Report On Disability

Author: World Health Organization
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789241564182
Size: 48.59 MB
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The World Report on Disability suggests more than a billion people totally experience disability. They generally have poorer health, lower education and fewer economic opportunities and higher rates of poverty than people without disabilities. This report provides the best available evidence about what works to overcome barriers to better care and services.

The Use Of Force In Un Peace Operations

Author: Trevor Findlay
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198292821
Size: 32.27 MB
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One of the most vexing issues that has faced the international community since the end of the Cold War has been the use of force by the United Nations peacekeeping forces. UN intervention in civil wars, as in Somalia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Rwanda, has thrown into stark relief the difficulty of peacekeepers operating in situations where consent to their presence and activities is fragile or incomplete and where there is little peace to keep. Complex questions arise in these circumstances. When and how should peacekeepers use force to protect themselves, to protect their mission, or, most troublingly, to ensure compliance by recalcitrant parties with peace accords? Is a peace enforcement role for peacekeepers possible or is this simply war by another name? Is there a grey zone between peacekeeping and peace enforcement? Trevor Findlay reveals the history of the use of force by UN peacekeepers from Sinai in the 1950s to Haiti in the 1990s. He untangles the arguments about the use of force in peace operations and sets these within the broader context of military doctrine and practice. Drawing on these insights the author examines proposals for future conduct of UN operations, including the formulation of UN peacekeeping doctrine and the establishment of a UN rapid reaction force.

Fundamental Perspectives On International Law

Author: William Slomanson
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0495797197
Size: 16.74 MB
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In a fairly succinct treatment, FUNDAMENTAL PERSPECTIVES ON INTERNATIONAL LAW provides a unique mix of cases, articles, documents, text, charts, tables, and questions. The key concepts of international law are introduced through thoroughly up-to-date content. Important cases are continually updated on the author’s website. The text is complemented by numerous review problems. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

European Security And Defence Policy

Author: Esra Bulut
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 80.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book analyzes the first ten years of ESDP, from 1999 to 2009. It provides a comprehensive and detailed outline of different aspects of ESDP, including the ESDP institutions responsible for civilian and military crisis management; the civil and military resources available for ESDP operations; and the relationship between ESDP and the United Nations, NATO, the OSCE, and the African Union. ESDP operations, to date, are analyzed, and their implementation, challenges, and achievements are reviewed. It includes data on member state contributions to ESDP operations.

Humanitarian Military Intervention

Author: Taylor B. Seybolt
Publisher: SIPRI Publication
ISBN: 9780199252435
Size: 73.70 MB
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Military intervention in a conflict without a reasonable prospect of success is unjustifiable, especially when it is done in the name of humanity. Couched in the debate on the responsibility to protect civilians from violence and drawing on traditional 'just war' principles, the central premise of this book is that humanitarian military intervention can be justified as a policy option only if decision makers can be reasonably sure that intervention will do more good than harm. This book asks, 'Have past humanitarian military interventions been successful?' It defines success as saving lives and sets out a methodology for estimating the number of lives saved by a particular military intervention. Analysis of 17 military operations in six conflict areas that were the defining cases of the 1990s-northern Iraq after the Gulf War, Somalia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Rwanda, Kosovo and East Timor-shows that the majority were successful by this measure. In every conflict studied, however, some military interventions succeeded while others failed, raising the question, 'Why have some past interventions been more successful than others?' This book argues that the central factors determining whether a humanitarian intervention succeeds are the objectives of the intervention and the military strategy employed by the intervening states. Four types of humanitarian military intervention are offered: helping to deliver emergency aid, protecting aid operations, saving the victims of violence and defeating the perpetrators of violence. The focus on strategy within these four types allows an exploration of the political and military dimensions of humanitarian intervention and highlights the advantages and disadvantages of each of the four types. Humanitarian military intervention is controversial. Scepticism is always in order about the need to use military force because the consequences can be so dire. Yet it has become equally controversial not to intervene when a governmentsubjects its citizens to massive violation of their basic human rights. This book recognizes the limits of humanitarian intervention but does not shy away from suggesting how military force can save lives in extreme circumstances.

Human Trafficking Human Misery

Author: Alexis A. Aronowitz
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 0275994813
Size: 74.41 MB
Format: PDF
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This volume takes a global perspective and uses first-hand accounts and stories to examine the problem of human trafficking in its various manifestations around the world.

The Shadow Economy

Author: Friedrich Schneider
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107034841
Size: 71.72 MB
Format: PDF
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Presents new data to give an overview of shadow economies from OECD countries and propose solutions to prevent illicit work.

The Ottoman Empire And Early Modern Europe

Author: Daniel Goffman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521459082
Size: 60.43 MB
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This text provides an introduction to the history and institutions of the Ottoman Empire and presents a claim for its inclusion in Europe, as opposed to being apart from it due to its many cultural differences.

Refugees And Forced Displacement

Author: Edward Newman
Publisher: Manas Publications
ISBN: 9788170491965
Size: 22.69 MB
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The orthodox definition of international security puts human displacement and refugees at the periphery. In contrast, the book demonstrates that human displacement can both be a cause and a consequence of conflict within and among societies. As such, the management of refugee movements and the protection of displaced people should be an integral part of security policy and conflict management. Refugees and forcibly displaced people can also represent the starkest example of a tension between "human security" - where the primary focus is the individual and communities - and more conventional models of "national security" tied to the sovereign state and military defence of the territory. This book explores this tension with respect to a number of pressing problems related to refugees and forced displacement. It also demonstrates how many of these challenges have been exacerbated by the "war on terror" since Sept., 11, 2001.